Weekly Security Digest - May 9, 2023,

Interfor International‘s Weekly Security Digest – May 9, 2023

Interfor’s Weekly Digest | Global Security and Policy Insights – May 9, 2023

Global Security Matters


Foreign Affairs 


  • ChatGPT is changing the way phishing emails are generated for compromising vessels.  ChatGPT can create a convincing and emotionally manipulative phishing email.  Additionally, the AI chatbot has near encyclopedic knowledge which can easily be used to find maritime-specific information, such as names of vessels or maritime regulations, that can make emails more convincing.  A recent survey of 1,500 IT decision makers across North America, UK and Australia revealed that “53% are concerned specifically by the threat of more believable phishing emails and 51% expect a ChatGPT supported cyber-attack within the next year.”  The threat ChatGPT poses to the maritime industry is substantial due to the significant disruption to shipping that could be caused by a hacking event.
  • Russia has been using research vessels and covert trawlers to survey subsea cables and pipelines in Western Europe according to a NATO official. Russia has been more active than in past years in subsea surveys, as they have been engaged in mapping out civilian infrastructure in NATO countries.  The possibility of a Russian attack is a significant risk and Moscow has assets necessary to retaliate for Western support for Ukraine. NATO countries have increased surveillance and patrol activity in the North and Baltic Seas and have created a new unit focused on subsea infrastructure security, a long-standing concern of security researchers.

Military & Defense 


Covid-19 & Pandemics

  • Covid-19 was the fourth leading cause of death in the United States in 2022, according to provisional data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • WHO (World Health Organization) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus stated that the Covid-19 public health emergency of international concern should end.
  • Top UN (United Nations) officials and health industry leaders are trying to tackle an alarming surge in tuberculosis. Among the problems: a high number of cases in conflict zones, including Ukraine and Sudan.